CLASS AB AMPLIFIER OPERATIONThe amplifier is biased so that collector current is cut off for
a portion of the alternation of the input signal.
CLASS B AMPLIFIER OPERATIONThe amplifier is biased so that collector current is cut off for
one-half of the input signal.
CLASS C AMPLIFIER OPERATIONThe amplifier is biased so that collector current is cut off for
more than one-half of the input signal.
COLLECTORThe element in a transistor which collects the current carriers.
COMMON BASEA transistor circuit in which the base electrode is the common element to both input
and output circuits.
COMMON COLLECTORA transistor circuit configuration in which the collector is the common
element to the input circuit and to the output circuit.
COMMON EMITTERCircuit configuration in which the emitter is the element common to both the
input and the output circuit.
CONDUCTION BANDA partially filled energy band in which electrons can move freely.
COVALENT BONDA type of linkage between atoms.
CURRENT REGULATORA circuit that provides a constant current output.
DEGENERATIONThe process whereby a part of the output signal of an amplifying device is returned
to its input circuit in such a manner that it tends to cancel part of the input.
DEPLETION REGIONThe region in a semiconductor where essentially all free electrons and holes
have been swept out by the electrostatic field that exists there.
DIODEA two element solid-state device made of either germanium or silicon. It is primarily used as a
DONORAn impurity that can make a semiconductor material an N-type by donating extra "free"
electrons to the conduction band.
DONOR IMPURITYSee PENTAVALENT IMPURITY.
DOPINGThe process of adding impurities to semiconductor crystals to increase the number of free
charges that can be moved by an external, applied voltage. Doping produces an N-type or P-type
DUAL-GATE MOSFETA two-gate MOSFET in which either gate can control the conductor
independently, a fact which makes this MOSFET very versatile.
EFFICIENCYThe ratio of output-signal power compared to the total input power.
EMITTERThe element in a transistor that emits current carriers (electrons or holes).
EXTRINSICA semiconductor in which impurities have been added to create certain charge carrier