CONTROL-GRID MODULATORUses a variation of grid bias to vary the instantaneous
plate voltage and current. The modulating signal is applied to the control grid.
CONVERSIONThe process of changing ppm or pcm to pdm or pam to make them easier to
CRYSTAL MICROPHONEUses the piezo-electric effect of crystalline materials to generate
a voltage from sound waves.
CUSPSSharp phase reversals.
CW DEMODULATORA circuit that detects the presence of rf oscillations and converts them
into a useful form.
CYCLE360 degree rotation of a vector generating a sine wave.
DEMODULATIONThe removal of intelligence from a transmission medium.
DEMODULATION or DETECTIONThe process of re-creating original modulating-
frequency intelligence from the rf carrier.
DEMODULATOR or DETECTORA circuit in which demodulation or restoration of the
original intelligence is achieved.
DIODE DETECTORA simple type of crystal receiver.
DUTY CYCLEThe ratio of working time to total time for intermittently operated devices.
DYNAMIC MICROPHONEA device in which sound waves move a coil of fine wire that is
mounted on the back of a diaphragm and located in the magnetic field of a permanent
EMITTER-INJECTION MODULATORThe transistor equivalent of the cathode modulator.
The gain is varied by changing the voltage on the emitter.
FIDELITYThe ability to faithfully re-produce the input in the output.
FINAL POWER AMPLIFIER (fpa)The final stage of amplification in a transmitter.
FIXED SPARK GAPA device used to discharge the pulse-forming network. A trigger pulse
ionizes the air between two contacts to initiate the discharge.
FOSTER-SEELEY DISCRIMINATORA circuit that uses a double-tuned rf transformer to
convert frequency variations in the received fm signal to amplitude variations. Also known
as a phase-shift discriminator.
FREQUENCY DEVIATIONThe amount the frequency departs from the carrier frequency.
FREQUENCY MODULATION (fm)Angle modulation in which the modulating signal
causes the carrier frequency to vary. The amplitude of the modulating signal determines how
far the frequency changes and the frequency of the modulating signal determines how fast
the frequency changes.
FREQUENCY MULTIPLIERSSpecial rf power amplifiers that multiply the input frequency.