Upon completing this chapter, you should be able to:
1. Recognize the marking system for cables to include shipboard and test equipment systems.
2. Recognize the marking system for wire to include aircraft and shipboard electronic equipment
3. Recall the seven types of electrical diagrams and the functional design of each.
4. Recall basic safety practices and precautions for working around electrical and electronic
This chapter is divided into three subtopics(1) cable and wire-marling systems, (2) electrical and
electronic diagrams, and (3) safety precautions. First, we will discuss the systems used for marking cables
and wires. We will then explain each of the types of diagrams you will encounter when troubleshooting,
testing, repairing, or learning about circuit or system operation. Finally, we will briefly discuss safety
practices relating to working around electrical and electronic systems.
CABLE- AND WIRE-MARKING SYSTEMS
Cables and wires are marked to give the technician a means of tracing them when troubleshooting
and repairing electrical and electronic systems.
Numerous cable- and wire-marking systems are used in ships, aircraft, and equipment throughout the
Navy. A few of these systems are briefly discussed here to acquaint you with how marking systems are
used. For a specific system or equipment, you should refer to tile applicable technical manual.
Two typical cable-marking systems you are likely to see are the (1) shipboard and (2) test equipment
Shipboard Cable-Marking Systems
Metal tags embossed with the cable markings are used to identify all permanently installed shipboard
electrical cables. These cable tags (figure 3-1) are placed on cables close to each point of connection, and
on both sides of decks, bulkheads, and other barriers to identify the cables. The markings on the cable
tags identify cables for maintenance and circuit repairs. The tags show (1) the SERVICE LETTER, which
identifies a particular electrical system, (2) the CIRCUIT LETTER or LETTERS, which identify a
specific circuit within a particular system, and (3) the CABLE NUMBER, which identifies an individual
cable in a specific circuit.