possible) over the wound and firmly fasten it in position with a bandage. If bleeding does not stop, firmly
secure another dressing over the first, or apply direct pressure with your hand to the dressing.
Figure 1-5.Direct pressure.
In cases of severe hemorrhage, do not worry too much about the dangers of infection. The basic
problem is to stop the flow of blood. If no material is available, simply apply pressure with your bare
hand. Remember, DIRECT PRESSURE is the first method to use when you are trying to control
Pressure Points.Bleeding from a cut artery or vein may often be controlled by pressure applied to
the appropriate pressure point. A pressure point is a place where the main artery to the injured part lies
near the skin surface and over a bone. Pressure at such a point is applied with the fingers (digital pressure)
or with the hand; no first aid materials are required. The object of the pressure is to compress the artery
against the bone, thus shutting off the flow of blood from the heart to the wound.
There are 11 principal points on each side of the body where hand or finger pressure can be used to
stop hemorrhage. These points are shown in figure 1-6.