Figure 1-48.Sharp bends.
Sometimes the electromagnetic fields must be rotated so that they are in the proper phase to match
the phase of the load. This may be accomplished by twisting the waveguide as shown in figure 1-49. The
twist must be gradual and greater than 2!.
Figure 1-49.Waveguide twist.
The flexible waveguide (figure 1-50) allows special bends which some equipment applications might
require. It consists of a specially wound ribbon of conductive material, most commonly brass, with the
inner surface plated with chromium. Power losses are greater in the flexible waveguide because the inner
surfaces are not perfectly smooth. Therefore, it is only used in short sections where no other reasonable
solution is available.
Figure 1-50.Flexible waveguide.
WAVEGUIDE JOINTS.Since an entire waveguide system cannot possibly be molded into one
piece, the waveguide must be constructed in sections and the sections connected with joints. The three
basic types of waveguide joints are the PERMANENT, the SEMIPERMANENT, and the ROTATING
JOINTS. Since the permanent joint is a factory-welded joint that requires no maintenance, only the
semipermanent and rotating joints will be discussed.