Why are solvents used in the soldering process?
Some type of heat shunt must be used in all soldering operations that involve heat-sensitive
components. A typical heat shunt (figure 2-37) permits soldering the leads of component parts without
overheating the part itself. The heat shunt should be attached carefully to prevent damage to the leads,
terminals, or component parts. The shunt should be clipped to the lead, between the joint and the part
being protected. As the joint is heated, the shunt absorbs the excess heat before it can reach the part and
Figure 2-37.Heat shunt.
A small piece of beeswax may be placed between the protected unit and the heat shunt. When the
beeswax begins to melt, the temperature limit has been reached. The heat source should be removed
immediately, but the shunt should be left in place.
Removing the shunt too soon permits the heat to flow from the melted solder into the component.
The shunt should be allowed to remain in place until it cools to room temperature. A clip-on shunt is
preferred because it requires positive action for removal. It does not require that the technician maintain
pressure to hold it in place. This leaves both hands free to solder the connection.
Two safety devices are shown in figure 2-38. These devices prevent burns to the operator when the
soldering iron is not in use for short periods of time.